What is the Montessori pedagogy?
The pedagogical belief of Maria Montessori and the institutional model of educating preschool children that she suggested quickly saw an international recognition. In our country, during the inter-war period, there were preschool and primary school Montessori type units.
Maria Montessori believes that the development of the child is supported by instincts that are manifested during certain periods of time, the educator’s task being that of creating optimum conditions for the satisfaction of these instincts.
Maria Montessori’s pedagogy encourages the development of children in a stimulative environment, by respecting both cultural diversity and freedom to explore. The environment must be prepared in such a way as to allow children an active exploration and various interactions with the resources, with other children and adults.
The pedagogical theory elaborated by Maria Montessori does not stem from philosophical principles, but from observation and experiment, and has consequently spread throughout the whole world, earning new followers and contributing to a genuine movement: montessorianism. The author drew her contemporaries attention over the child, his/her rights and the need to benefit from development conditions that are accurate for the age, creating thus a balance between free activity and controlled activity.